Artikel-artikel (Kajian) Sejarah dan Politik Henk Schulte Nordholt Tentang Historiografi, Dekolonisasi, Perang Dingin dan Kekerasan Massal di Asia Tenggara, Hingga Transisi Demokrasi di Indonesia

Henk Schulte Nordholt (former head of research) is Honorary Fellow at KITLV and emeritus professor of Indonesian History at Leiden University. His main fields of research include Southeast Asian history, contemporary politics in Indonesia, political violence, and the anthropology of colonialism.

Dipetik dari bio di https://www.kitlv.nl/researchers-schulte-nordholt/

 

Masa-Depan Cerah, Bahaya Menunggu: Negara-Bangsa Baru dan Kekerasan Massal di Asia Tenggara1 Henk Schulte Nordholt KITLV, Leiden

Abstrak : 

Dalam artikel ini, pengaruh Perang Dingin di Asia Tenggara dievaluasi. Kawasan ini berubah menjadi kawasan perang paling panas dalam konfl ik ini yang mengakibatkan kematian tujuh juta jiwa. Perang Dingin juga menghentikan usaha-usaha dalam mengembangkan negarabangsa yang baru merdeka ini menjadi demokrasi. Sebaliknya, setiap negara di Asia Tenggara mengalami pemerintahan otoriter baik lewat rezim kapitalis maupun sosialis. Dalam negaranegara kapitalis, kelas menengah muncul sebagai akibat dari pertumbuhan ekonomi dibawah pemerintahan otoriter. Karena demokrasi dihubungkan dengan imaji ketidakstabilan, kekerasan massal dan kekuasaan otoriter dengan imaji pertumbuhan ekonomi, kelas menengah yang muncul sangat lamban dalam mendukung usaha-usaha demokratisasi baru sistem politik mereka.

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Jumlah korban Perang Dingin di Asia Tenggara tidak pernah diketahui secara rinci. Namun berdasarkan perhitungan kasar, sekitar 5-7 juta orang menjadi korban, sebanding dengan jumlah korban Holocaust di Eropa selama Perang Dunia II.2

Vietnam-Laos: 2-4 juta; Kamboja: 2 juta; Indonesia: 0,5-0,7 juta; Timor Leste: 0,1-0,15 juta; Malaysia, Filipina, Burma, Thailand: sekitar 4 juta. Cf. Taylor, 2013, Kiernan, 2008, Crib, 1990, Van Klinken, 2012, Harper, 1999, Kerkvliet, 2002, Taylor, 2009, Baker dan Pasuk Phonghpaichit, 2014.

 

 

“…..history in Indonesia became an ideological tool for the mobilisation of the masses during the closing years of Sukarno’s rule. A focus on the region, or conducting archival research was in this context rather irrelevant. Instead, Muhamad Yamin published a book of 350 pages on the history of the national flag in which he demonstrated that the red and white banner had its origins in pre-historic times, and Roeslan Abdulgani advocated a Marxist inspired history demonstrating how the antithesis between the forces of lightness and darkness had ultimately brought freedom to the masses, while Mohamad Ali emphasised that a true Indonesian historiography is about the realisation of the ‘Pancasila man’ (Klooster 1985: Ch 5). All this came to an end in 1965

Under Suharto’s New Order (1966-1998) a developmental authoritarianism has been established in order to achieve rapid economic growth in combination with political stability. The centre of the state was seen as the only legitimate operator of a controlled process that would lead Indonesia to a new era of progress and prosperity. This centralist approach was paralleled by an equally centralist and eschatological historiography that was inspired by Sukarno and applied by Sanusi Pane: the ‘lightness’ of the pre-colonial golden era — which already contained the ‘essence’ of the national identity — was followed by the ‘darkness’ of colonial rule and exploitation; heroic resistance culminating in national ‘awakening’ and revolutionary struggle brought eventually freedom and independence. To this familiar sequence a closing chapter was added during the New Order, telling how the nation fell prey to internal discord and how it was saved by Suharto who then led the country to lasting development and. permanent stability. The dream of Suharto’s New Order was to arrive at the ‘end of history’, by establishing an order, which was characterised by the absence of disturbing events (cf. Pemberton 1994)

selengkapnya De-colonising Indonesian historiography ; paper delivered at the Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies public lecture series “Focus Asia”, 25-27 May, 2004 Schulte Nordholt, Henk

Book Review by Henk Schulte Nordholt

Geoffrey Robinson. The Dark Side of Paradise: Political Violence in Bali

Indonesia in the 1950s. Nation, modernity, and the post-colonial state Henk Schulte Nordholt

lain-lain

H. Schulte Nordholt Renegotiatingboundaries; Access, agency and identity in post-Soeharto Indonesia In: Bijdragentot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 159 (2003), no: 4, Leiden, 550-589

simak ebook buku yang disunting Henk Schulte Nordholt dan Gerry van Klinken

RENEGOTIATINGBOUNDARIES Local politics in post-Soeharto Indonesia Edited by henk schulte nordholtand gerry van klinken

                                          

                                    

A REVIEW ESSAY

HENK SCHULTE NORDHOLT

Indonesia in Transition

 

IdentityPolitics, Citizenship and the Soft State in Indonesia: an Essay Henk SchulteNordholt KITLV Leiden/VU University Amsterdam

Don’t Forgetto Remember Me: An Audiovisual Archive of Everyday Life in Indonesia in the21st Century No. 1 Henk Schulte Nordholt and Fridus Steijlen KITLV – Leiden

Seri Kompilasi Kajian Ilmiah Genosida 1965-1966 

Asvi Warman Adam,Baskara T. WardayaAriel Heryanto,Robert CribbAnnie PohlmanJohn RoosaSaksia WieringaKatharine McGregorPeter Dale ScottBenedict AndersonVannessa HearmanJess MelvinNoam ChomskyBradley Simpson, Geoffrey RobinsonGreg PoulgrainAlex de JongAndre VltchekTaomo Zhou Soe Tjen Marching, Peter Kasenda, Aiko Kurasawa, Akihisa Matsuno  , Ruth Indiah RahayuNathaniel MehrAdam Hughes Henry Henri Chambert-Loir, Wim F.Wertheim, Steven FarramSri Lestari Wahyuningroem , Joss WibisonoLeslie Dwyer – Degung Santikarma, Vincent Bevins,Wijaya Herlambang, Budiawan, Ong Hok HamRex Mortimer, Olle Törnquist, Max Lane, Hilmar Farid , Michael G. Vann Gerry van KlinkenGrace Leksana, Ken SetiawanAyu RatihYosef DjakababaAan Anshori, Muhammad Al-Fayyadl, Roy MurtadhoDeirdre Griswold , David T. HillYoseph Yapi Taum, Aboeprijadi Santoso, Adrian Vickers, John Gittings, Jemma PurdeyHenk Schulte NordholtMartijn EickhoffMade SurpriatmaDahlia Gratia Setiyawan

Simak 1100 ‘entry’ lainnya pada link berikut

Daftar Isi Perpustakaan Genosida 1965-1966

Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)

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Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)

 

 

 

 

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