Katharine E. McGregor
Abstract : Since the fall of President Suharto in 1998, new debates have opened up in Indonesia about the nature and purpose of national history. The most controversial of a series of issues is the interpretation of the 1965 Coup and killings of communists that followed it. The debates involve questions of historical truth and of the narration of the past in terms of national ideology. Parallels with Australia’s ‘history wars’ indicate the centrality of history to problems of national identity.
English original of “Mengapa tahun 1950an merupakan zaman penting untuk Indonesia”, in Henk Schulte Nordholt, Bambang Purwanto and Ratna Saptari (eds.), Perspektif Batu Penulisan Sejarah Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Obor, 2008.
It was in the middle of the following decade that Indonesia’s most momentous cataclysm occurred. And in this cataclysm we find the key as to why the achievements of the 1950s have been so comprehensively erased from Indonesia’s national memory. If the New Order achieved anything it was a great propaganda victory that has outlived them, the claim that the crime of 1965 was the killing of six generals who were ‘heroes of the Revolution’, a claim that is still, unbelievably, accepted in Indonesia as legitimate justification for the murder of at least 500,000 people. What this propaganda victory conceals is the eradication of one half of the post-Revolutionary leadership, people such as Chaerul Saleh, as well of course as Aidit and the leadership of the left. This is the biggest problem for Indonesian national historiography, if we remember the 1950s, we will have to remember who and what was destroyed after 1965. The 1950s is a decade that deserves to be seen in its own terms, as a period whose promise is yet to be realized.
Political Jiu-Jitsu Against Indonesian Repression: Studying Lower Profile Nonviolent Resistance Published in Pacifica Review, Volume 13, Number 2, June 2001, pp. 143-156.
Brian Martin, Wendy Varney Science, Technology and Society, University of Wollongong
Adrian Vickers History and Politics, University of Wollongong
Abstract : Most case studies of nonviolent action have focussed on prominent instances of open resistance to repression, especially successful resistance. Additional insight into the dynamics of nonviolent action can be gained by studying cases when resistance has been less widespread, less visible or less effective. The value of looking at such cases is illustrated by an examination of the toppling of Indonesian President Suharto in 1998 — a prominent and successful exercise of nonviolent action — and, for comparison, the Indonesian anticommunist massacres from 1965-1966 and repression in East Timor in the decade from 1975, two cases where nonviolent resistance was less visible and less effective. These cases reaffirm the crucial role of political jiu-jitsu, namely the process by which repression can stimulate greater support for the resistance.
Abstract: Controversies about the 1965–66 killings of communists in Indonesia have revolved around questions of “how many?” and “who was responsible?” While there is general agreement that at least 500,000 peoplewere killed, public discourse in Indonesia plays down the significance of the killings by placing the burden of responsibility on the victims. Attempts to create a national reconciliation process have been stalled. By examining the social and cultural problems surrounding the bodies of the victims, this paper demonstrates the complexity of issues of corporeality and haunting. Examples from Bali and Java show how hard it is to memorialize the killings, and thus the difficulties of incorporating the killings into national discourse.
“From The Year of Living Dangerously to The Act of Killing in Popular Imaginings of Indonesian Cold War History” – Adrian Vickers
salah satu buku karya Adrian Vickers
Reviewed by Sebastian McLellan
Seri Kompilasi Kajian Ilmiah Genosida
Asvi Warman Adam,Baskara T. Wardaya, Ariel Heryanto,Robert Cribb, Annie Pohlman, John Roosa, Saksia Wieringa, Katharine McGregor, Peter Dale Scott, Benedict Anderson, Vannessa Hearman, Jess Melvin, Noam Chomsky, Bradley Simpson, Geoffrey Robinson, Greg Poulgrain, Alex de Jong, Andre Vltchek, Taomo Zhou , Soe Tjen Marching, Peter Kasenda, Aiko Kurasawa, Vijay Prashad, Akihisa Matsuno , Ruth Indiah Rahayu, Nathaniel Mehr, Adam Hughes Henry , Henri Chambert-Loir, Wim F.Wertheim, Steven Farram, Sri Lestari Wahyuningroem , Joss Wibisono, Leslie Dwyer – Degung Santikarma, Vincent Bevins,Wijaya Herlambang, Budiawan, Ong Hok Ham, Rex Mortimer, Olle Törnquist, Max Lane, Hilmar Farid , Michael G. Vann , Gerry van Klinken, Grace Leksana, Ken Setiawan, Ayu Ratih, Yosef Djakababa, Aan Anshori, Muhammad Al-Fayyadl, Roy Murtadho, Deirdre Griswold , David T. Hill, Yoseph Yapi Taum, Aboeprijadi Santoso, Adrian Vickers, John Gittings, Jemma Purdey, Henk Schulte Nordholt, Martijn Eickhoff, Made Surpriatma, Dahlia Gratia Setiyawan, Uğur Ümit Üngör, Manunggal Kusuma Wardaya, Gloria Truly Estrelita, Wulan Dirgantoro, Kar Yen Leong, Muhidin M. Dahlan, Dhianita Kusuma Pertiwi, Elsa Clavé, Justin L. Wejak, Douglas Kammen, Martin Suryajaya
1500 ‘entry’ lainnya pada link berikut
Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)
Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)