Australian Journal of Asian Law, 2018, Vol 19 No 1, Article 8: 1-14
Since the 1998 fall of authoritarianism, one of the most controversial questions in Indonesia has been what to do with the country’s legacy of human rights violations. Various justice measures developed at the national level, whether judicial or non-judicial in nature, have been largely unsuccessful in establishing the truth about past crimes, holding perpetrators to account, or providing redress to those who were victimised. This article seeks to explain why justice for past human rights crimes remains elusive in contemporary Indonesia, using the 2012 report of the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) on the 1965-66 mass violence as a case study. The article will use critical discourse analysis to examine this report and responses towards it, to establish what factors explain the stagnation of human rights reform in this area. This article will argue that while the lack of reform is commonly attributed to the influence of powerful political actors and the broader context of a weak legal system, critical discourse analysis shows that an equally important factor is the role of historical memory and how this influences reform trajectories. This has implications for the way human rights are socialised, and requires these discourses to move beyond the ambit of the law.
How is the Indonesian government addressing the legacy of 1965? What could the government do that would be meaningful to victims of 1965, including former political prisoners?
In this week’s Talking Indonesia podcast, I speak to Dr Ken Setiawan (from the Asia Institute) about these issues, who addresses them through the lens of her trip with her father to Buru Island in eastern Indonesia earlier this year, where he was held as a political prisoner from 1971 until 1978.
Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)
Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)