Panel Serial “Perspektif ‘1965’ Dari Berbagai Disiplin / Lintas Disiplin Ilmu” [Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines] – AIFIS-MSU Conference on Indonesian 2021

AIFIS-MSU Conference on Indonesian Studies 22-26 Juni 2021

Michigan State University (MSU) Asian Studies Center, in collaboration with the American Institute for Indonesian Studies (AIFIS)

PANEL SERIES TITLE: Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines

(* one PANEL SERIES in the conference from many other panels)

sumber : AIFIS-MSU Conference on Indonesian Studies Media Space

PANEL SERIES ABSTRACT: This series of five panels consisting of 22 papers aims to enrich and invigorate scholarly conversations on the mass violence of 1965-1966 in Indonesia. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines, from ethnomusicology to geography and from political science to anthropology contribute their perspectives on the meaning of the events then and now. The rich diversity of work by scholars at different stages in their careers spanning multiple continents is testament to the importance of this watershed moment in Indonesia and the intense interest it has engendered in the global research community.

PANEL 1 : Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines: narratives of struggle and reconciliation

PRESEENTERS : Andrew Weintraub (University of Pittsburgh); Grace Leksana and Arif Subekti (Universitas Negeri Malang); Yosef Djakababa (Universitas Pelita Harapan); Yulius Regang (PBH Nusra – Nusa Tenggara Legal Aid Association), Maulida Raviola (The Asia Foundation), and Akbar Restu Fauzi (Pamflet Generasi); Alberta Christina Cahya Pertiwi (Independent Scholar)

DISCUSSANT: Vannessa Hearman (Curtin University)

PANEL ABSTRACT : Narratives of struggle and reconciliation permeate the literature on 1965. This panel features five diverse but interconnected papers on such narratives. Andrew Weintraub explores the ways in which LEKRA, the Communist Party-affiliated Institute of People’s Culture, built bridges across domestic and international spaces to inculcate political awareness among Indonesians through the media of art and music. Grace Leksana explores the multiple and simultaneous uses of silence as a means of survival, memory and reconciliation. Yosef Djakababa evaluates the 2016 National Symposium on the 1965 Tragedy, a unique event that brought together people representing the many sides and dimensions of the conflict, in terms of its contribution to facilitating reconciliation. Yulius Regang and co-authors explore the traditional Gren ceremonies of East Nusa Tenggara as a medium for reviving, reinventing, or recreating narratives about 1965. Alberta Pertiwi illuminates the role of music in Dialita, a choir of women survivors of 1965, in creating spaces in which the memory of 1965 can be acknowledged and explored. Together, these four papers speak to the rich diversity of form and medium that has characterized narratives of struggle in Indonesia in the lead up to and following 1965.

PANEL 2: Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines: methods, materials, and advancing knowledge

PRESENTERS: Robert Hefner (Boston University); Sri (Ayu) Lestari Wahyuningroem (Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta) and Annie Pohlman (University of Queensland); Teng Zhang (Michigan State University); Satriono Priyo Utomo (National University of Singapore); Christopher Hulshof (University of Wisconsin)

DISCUSSANT: Mark Winward; University of Toronto

PANEL ABSTRACT: The study of the Indonesian Killings is made difficult by previous decades of silence, a relative scarcity of primary materials, and a dwindling number who directly witnessed these events. The five papers in this panel demonstrate how existing field studies, demographic methods, and archival materials can continue to advance our knowledge of this period in critical ways. It also highlights current initiatives in preserving existing oral materials on the killings. Robert Hefner juxtaposes his earlier ethnographic work in East Java with the demographic studies of Siddharth Chandra, suggesting that the violence triggered far-reaching demographic shifts in the province. Sri Lestari Wahyuningroem and Annie Pohlman provide an update on the Indonesia Trauma Testimony Project (ITTP), a project aimed to preserve existing testimonials related to the 1965-66 mass violence. Teng Zhang uses Bayesian analysis to compare patterns of population loss relative to proximity to either military commands or religious boarding schools (pesantren). In doing so, this paper sheds light on the relative role of the military and civilian militias in the killings in East Java. Satriono Priyo Utomo examines the last days of the communist party through the writings of Sudisman and Bambang, providing a self-critique of party strategy and a reflection on its final stand in South Blitar. Christopher Hulshof takes the “Jakarta Method” by Vincent Bevins as a starting point to compare US-backed coups in Indonesia and Brazil in 1964-65. This paper highlights how differing circumstances prior to the coups led the US to have significantly less influence in Indonesia compared to Brazil. Together, these papers highlight how available materials and new methods can continue to advance drive knowledge of the 1956-66 Killings, and what efforts are currently underway to preserve existing materials.

PANEL 3: Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines: fact, fiction and the fictitious in 1965 narratives

PRESENTERS: John Roosa (University of British Columbia); Kar Yen Leong (Tamkang University); Stephen Pratama (Uppsala University); Sheena Harris (University of Minnesota)

DISCUSSANT: Siddharth Chandra (Michigan State University)

PANEL ABSTRACT: The importance of the violence of 1965-1966 in Indonesia is reflected in the volume and rich variety of narratives of the events. The four papers in this panel explore 1965 narratives from a broad spectrum of genres, from survivor testimonies to fiction to textbooks. John Roosa illuminates contradictory aspects of the work of two prominent Indonesian fiction writers. Kar Yen Leong examines the ways in which ‘historical actors’ remember and frame their roles in the events. Stephen Pratama traces the ways in which Indonesian teachers dynamically engaged and continue to engage with this thorny subject as they weave their way through varying contexts and times. Sheena Harris emphasizes the selective memory inherent in state-sponsored narratives of 1965 through the medium of Indonesian textbooks. Together, these four papers present a cross section of the increasingly rich, varied, and contested tapestry that comprises the story of 1965.

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PANEL 4 : Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines: paradise in peril in Bali and Yogyakarta

PRESENTERS: Siddharth Chandra and Ashton Shortridge (Michigan State University); Vannessa Hearman (Curtin University); Robert Vasile-Moisa (National University of Political and Administrative Studies Bucharest); Willy Alfarius (Universitas Gadjah Mada); Michał Bielecki (Polish Academy of Sciences)

DISCUSSANT: Robert Cribb (Australian National University)

PANEL ABSTRACT: Decades of official silence, combined with an increasingly aging population has profoundly shaped not only what, but how we remember the events of the mid-1960s. The five papers in this panel explore both how the Indonesian Killings are remembered and increase the scope of what we choose to remember from this period. Using census data and demographic methods, Siddharth Chandra maps estimates of population change due to the 1965 Killings across Bali’s kecamatan. This study suggests that many may have fled urban areas to rural ones in order to escape violence. Vannessa Hearman examines the work of Australian-Balinese artist, Leyla Stevens. Using the work of Stevens, this paper examines both the oral transmission of history, as well as the role of art in how the Indonesian Killings are remembered outside Indonesia. Robert Vasile-Moisa examines the role of religious ritual for participants in the killings. The paper focuses in particular on Bali, and the importance of harmony restoration. Willy Alfarius examines the activities of the Indonesian Peasant’s Front (BTI) in the years leading up to the killings. Tracing the activities of the BTI to the mid-1950s, this paper sheds light on the research and education activities of one of the organizations targeted for brutal repression a decade later. Michał Bielecki focuses on the women’s group KIPPER, and how its activites contribute to healing and remembrance in Yogyakarta. Together, these papers expand what we know about patterns of violence and the activities of its victims, and also how art, community, and scholarship can continue to provide new insights into the dynamics and memories of the Indonesian Killings


PANEL 5 : Perspectives on 1965 from across the disciplines: ideology, organization and infrastructure in the rise and fall of the PKI

PRESENTERS: Mark Winward (University of Toronto) and Siddharth Chandra (Michigan State University); Juliette Sendra (Université d’Aix-Marseille); Sinergy Aditya Airlangga (Universitas Gadjah Mada); Hongxuan Lin (National University of Singapore) and Matthew Galway (Australian National University); Rebecca Meckelburg (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana and Murdoch University)

DISCUSSANT: Robert Hefner (Boston University)

PANEL ABSTRACT: The five papers in this panel explore the interlinked roles of ideology, organization, and infrastructure in the emergence and later destruction of the Indonesian Communist Party in the 1950s and 1960s. Hongxuan Lin and Matthew Galway explores the link between Maoism and the rise of the PKI in the 1950s and 1960s, arguing that the successful adaptation of Marxism to Indonesia, modeled on Mao’s approach in China, was an important determinant of the overall success of the PKI. Mark Winward examines spatial variations in violence across Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta and links these variations with spatial characteristics of the military and civilian organizations involved in the violence. Juliette Sendra views the rise and fall of the PKI through a grassroots lens, emphasizing the PKI as the medium through which farmers in Gunung Kidul organized and expressed themselves before 1965 as well as their strategies for negotiating a transformed environment after 1965. Sinergy Airlangga explores the emergence of the now-dominant organizational form of agricultural capitalism after the destruction of the PKI in 1965. Rebecca Meckelburg examines how local experiences of repression during 1965 shaped political political claims, identities, and state-soceity relations through the New Order to today. Together, these papers trace not only how local dynamics affected the killings themselves, but also how the killings shaped subsequent local politics.

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Simak 1700 ‘entry’ lainnya pada link berikut

Daftar Isi Perpustakaan Genosida 1965-1966

Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)

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Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)

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