Mitos Durga, Fitnah Lubang Buaya dan Cap Perempuan Jalang Terhadap Gerwani

Wieringa (2003) menuliskan wujud dari ketakutan ini adalah juga dipicu dari pengebirian yang digambarkan dilakukan oleh Gerwani terhadap para perwira. Pengebirian metaforis ini membuat bagian masyarakat konservatif, terutama tentara dan laki-laki konservatif, ketakutan. Ketakutan ini seakan terwujud saat pengebirian metaforis menjadi ‘nyata’ dalam pemberitaan Angkatan Bersendjata dan Berita Yudha. Ni Wayan Ariati P. (2010) juga mengatakan bahwa ini sama dengan Dewi Durga. Perempuan kuat digambarkan secara negatif sebagai Durga-Uma dalam cerita Sudamala atau Rangda dalam cerita Calon Arang yang harus ditaklukan laki-laki sakti. Ketakutan masyarakat ini seakan-akan terwujud dalam cap perempuan jalang terhadap Gerwani. Akibatnya, masyarakat mengalami kepanikan moral. Pemberitaan berisi ungkapan kebencian itu menyebabkan terjadinya kejahatan kebencian, yaitu penyiksaan dan kekerasan seksual terhadap perempuan anggota Gerwani. Kejahatan kebencian terhadap Gerwani ini tidak dianggap kejahatan oleh sebagian besar masyarakat karena didasarkan pada militerisme dan patriarki.

dipetik dari Gerwani Bukan Tukang Potong Alat Kelamin Jenderal, Itu Hanya Rekayasa! – Lidya Apriliani

The Myth of Durga and the History of the Indonesian Women’s Movement (Gerwani)

Asia Research Institute (ARI) International Seminar (2010)

Wayan P Ariati, PhD, SIT Study Abroad

In this paper I would like to show the connection between the fate of the warrior goddess Durga and the fate of one of the women’s movements of Indonesia, known as Gerwani (Gerakan Wanita Indonesia), the “Indonesian Women’s Movement”. Gerwani was an important movement that came to an unfortunate end following the so-called “coup of 1965”. We normally think of a subject like Gerwani as an “historical” issue that has little in common with myths like those that have grown up around the imagery of Durga. However, inspired by the detailed study of Saskia Wieringa in her book, Sexual Politics in Indonesia (2002) and Penghancuran Gerakan Perempuan di Indonesia (1999), I have come to believe that much of what we learn in Indonesia about Gerwani is a type of mythology that is connected with political image-making in the service of ideology. Reading Saskia Wieringa’s work in both English and Indonesian languages, complemented with other articles related to the massacres of 1965-66 in Indonesia, I came to feel that there is a strong connection between those two subjects, the myth of the goddess Durga in the history of Java and Bali and the modern myths that Indonesian children are taught in school about the nature of Gerwani and the reasons it was violently suppressed in the early years of the New Order (1965/66-1998).

THE JOURNEY OF A GODDESS: DURGA IN INDIA, JAVA AND BALI

Disertasi Ni Wayan Pasek Ariati

 

This study examines the demonization of images of the goddess Durga in Indonesia, viewed first as a long-term historical process that appears to have begun in East Java sometime during the first half of the second millennium CE. An attempt is then made to show how this long-term process reflected largely in mythology may be related to the demonization of images of women of the Indonesian Women’s Movement (Gerwani) during the transition from the Old Order of President Soekarno (1945-1966) to the establishment of the New Order by Indonesia’s second president, Suharto (1966-1998). In this view, images of Durga and the women of Gerwani have shared a similar fate, moving from a state of being considered attractive and beneficial, but later being understood as terrifying, demonic figures feared by the community.

WOMEN ON THE MARGINS AN ALTERNATIVE TO KODRAT? by Heather M. Curnow

Disertasi di University of Tasmania, Hobart School of Asian Languages and Studies

 

terutama simak bab 1

 

  1. CALON ARANG: MASTER NARRATIVE OR WITCH POWER?

*Setting the Scene

*Calon Arang in Literature

Black and White Morality: Images of Evil and Malice Alternative

Voices: A Shift in Perspective

*Gerwani

*Politicized Women in Literature

 

 

 

Simak pula

 

FITNAH DAN DUSTA KEJI DI BALIK LEGENDA LUBANG BUAYA (DAN GERWANI SEBAGAI KUMPULAN PEMBUNUH DAN SETAN)

 

 

Umi Sardjono,Sulami, GERWANI, Fitnah Lubang Buaya dan Genosida 65

  

TIDAK ADA PENYIKSAAN TERHADAP 6 JENDERAL;

Artikel-artikel (Kajian) Ilmiah Saskia Wieringa Terkait Genosida 1965-1966 – Saskia Wieringa Articles on Indonesian Genocide/Massacre 1965-1966 

[kompilasi] Mozaik Sejarah Gerakan Perempuan Indonesia, GERWANI dan Penghancurannya

[kompilasi] Mozaik Sejarah Gerakan Perempuan Indonesia, GERWANI dan Penghancurannya

simak 1500 ‘entry’ lainnya pada link berikut

Daftar Isi Perpustakaan Genosida 1965-1966

Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)

 

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13047818_10209343119272764_8338060706038815101_o13043485_10209343122352841_1135692553504633931_n (1)
Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)

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