Pengungkapan-Pencarian Kebenaran Dalam Konteks Impunitas Yang Dilanggengkan : Politik Impunitas, Tribunal Rakyat, Aktivisme Masyarakat Sipil, serta Kekerasan & Kebisuan

[kumpulan artikel dari seminar internasional
“Truth telling and truth seeking in contexts of impunity” atas dukungan the Wenner-Gren Foundation and TEPSIS Research Programme berdasarkan pengalaman di berbagai benua dan masa mencakup 4 tema bahasan Politics of Impunity, People’s Tribunals, ¡Basta Ya!: Civil Society Protests and Activism dan Violence and Silence
 
 



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 Politics of Impunity

This section considers how state violence is entangled within the geopolitics and micropolitics of impunity. It examines mechanisms of power and resistance that frame issues of justice and denial, both at local and international levels. Our contributors explore the grey zones of impunity and reflect on how they are experienced within the everyday. They remark on the structural effects of conflicts and economic crimes, and suggest why these dimensions are often overlooked or invisible in claims for justice

 

 

Civil resistance and the geopolitics of impunity

Baltasar Garzón

The Spanish jurist who went after Pinochet reflects on
the battle to unseat impunity in Chile and Argentina, and looks ahead to Spain’s continued efforts to shake off its collective amnesia.

 

Guatemala prosecutes a president, but progress falters

Susan L. Kemp

Guatamala’s conviction of former president Efraín Ríos Montt set a precedent for holding heads of state accountable, but the power
structures of the country’s military dictatorship remain in place.

 

Bringing CIA torture to justice

Andreas Schüller

In the courts and beyond, a global civil society has been fighting on multiple fronts to chip away at the impunity of the world’s most powerful nation.

 

First do no harm: enforced sterilizations and gender
justice in Peru

Kimberly Theidon

From 1996 to 2000 the Peruvian state subjected an estimated 270,000 women to enforced sterilizations. How did an architecture of impunity sanction large-scale sexual violence?

 

When truth goes to court: the shifting role of testimonies in post-conflict Peru

Martha Cecilia-Dietrich

For the indigenous peoples of Peru, speaking truth to power has proved a much more complex task 15 years after the end of its internal armed conflict.

 

 

 

 

People’s Tribunals

In situations of impunity, how do communities claim ownership of international law? From the need for justice to the emerging ‘right to truth’, people’s tribunals have emerged as spaces that fundamentally
challenge the state and its hold over justice, while also providing fuller and more accurate historical accounts for silenced experiences of state crime. And while traditionally functioning as a response to historical accountability and truth, peoples’ tribunals also address urgent and unfolding cases of impunitying cases of impunity.

 

People’s tribunals, and the roots of civil society justice

Richard Falk

Starting with the Russell Tribunal in 1967, civil society tribunals have emerged to fill the normative vacuum created by the stark hypocrises of international justice.

 

From punishment to acknowledgment: tribunals of opinion in contexts of impunity

Sévane Garibian

Civil society tribunals, though unofficial, provide new spaces that fundamentally contest the state and its hold over justice.

 

Searching for justice: the Tokyo Women’s Tribunal

Ustinia Dolgopol

Justice for sexual crimes in wartime still remains elusive for many survivors, but it’s never too late.

 

The Iran Tribunal: defying international silence

Pardis Shafafi

Survivors of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s brutal violence towards its opposition wanted acknowledgement that their situation was not simply ‘unseen’ but had been actively ignored.

The people’s permanent tribunal in Mexico: taking on structural violence

Tatiana Coll

While more than 300 civil society groups presented evidence of structural violence against labour rights and education, the tragic
events in Ayotzinapa were unfolding almost simultaneously.

 

 

 

 

¡Basta Ya!: Civil Society Protests and Activism

Struggles for justice through protests, activism and potent campaigns can directly confront state impunity and challenge the role of powerful perpetrators. How have demands for state accountability and justice been transformed into specific civil society movements in different parts of the world?

 

Theatre as justice: the fight for accountability in the streets of Mexico

José Carlos Hesles

Neither inside nor outside the law, street trials and popular justice have emerged as sites of social resistance to make visible the utter absence of an independent judiciary.

 

Speak Out on Poverty: impunity, inaudibility and structural violence

Nicky Rousseau

This set of little-known hearings after South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission took a wider appreciation of apartheid violence and the incredible tensions released in the new terrain of political transition.

 

Justice, morality and exclusion: the case of the Roma in Finland

Raluca Bianca Roman

‘Culture’ appears to be both an easy way in and out of understanding the complexity of the ‘moral’ and the ‘just’ among minority or excluded groups.

 

Challenging the Syrian state: using information systems to document human-rights violations

Ali Ali

How modes of resistance to document state-sanctioned violence changed after the uprising.

 

Documenting the perpetrators amongst the people

Shadi Sadr

 

 

 

Violence and Silence

The fight against impunity is linked to a space of justice, but we can’t restrict our understanding to legal imperatives, architectures and instruments. Impunity is also shaped by situations of denial which are deeply rooted within the social body, involving cultures of silence and ideological framing. The relationship between state violence, consent

and the crafting of silence is a complex and multidimensional one.

 

The wounds of Baghdad’s Frankenstein

Omar Dewachi

Ahmed al-Sa’dawi’s novel, rather than reconciling the complexities of violence in Iraq, seeks to exorcise the demons that haunt the lives of ordinary people left with wounds from decades of imperial brutality.

 

Aziz’s notebook: transmitting the memory of violence

Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet and Chowra Makaremi

A granddaughter discovers her grandfather’s notebook years after the political massacres that stole her mother and aunt. Beginning as a testimony of loss, it becomes an obsession to leave a trace against silence and denial.

 

‘Parrhesia’: the radical destruction of impunity

Laurence McFalls and Mariella Pandolfi

What does it actually mean to speak truth to power? In his final two lectures, Michel Foucault discussed the risk involved and the courage required, far from the conventional bureaucratic techniques used today to fight impunity.

 

Hidden in plain sight: children born of wartime sexual violence

Kimberly Theidon

 

 

 

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Open Security – Conflict and Peace Building






simak 700 ‘entry’ dalam perpustakaan online kami

Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)

 

 

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Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)
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