Documentary that reveals the shocking true story about how following his acquisition of the Congo region in Africa at the Berlin Conference in 1884 (Scramble for Africa}. King Leopold II of Belgium turned Congo into its private colony between 1885 and 1908. Under his control, Congo became a Slave labour camp of shocking brutality. Leopold posed as the protector of Africans fleeing Arab slave-traders but in reality, he carved out an empire based on terror to harvest rubber.
Families were held as hostages, starving to death if the men failed to produce enough wild rubber. Children’s hands were chopped off as punishment for late deliveries. Leopold turned the country into one massive labour camp where the rubber was stripped with murder, amputation, mutilation and other unspeakable acts used to control and dominate the country.
The Belgian government has denounced this documentary as a “tendentious diatribe” for depicting King Leopold II as the moral forebear of Adolf Hitler, responsible for the death of 10 million people in his rapacious exploitation of the Congo but the truth is that between 1880 and 1920 the population of the Congo did indeed fall from approximately 20 million to 10 million.
Historians will investigate charges of Congo genocide
More than a century after King Leopold II of Belgium claimed Congo as his personal colony, an unprecedented investigation into his country’s murky colonial past and long-ignored allegations of genocide is to be carried out.
Doubtless to the fury of Belgium’s dwindling band of “old colonials”, the state-funded Royal Museum for Central Africa – formerly known as the Museum of the Belgian Congo – has commissioned some of the country’s most eminent historians to give the public the one thing they have been deprived of for so long: the truth.
Shocking claims – often well documented – that 10 million Congolese were either murdered or worked to death by Leopold’s private army, that women were systematically raped, that people’s hands were cut off and that the local populace endured kidnapping, looting and village burnings, have never been the subject of serious debate in Belgium, let alone brought an apology.
Was Belgium’s King Leopold II a mass murderer on a par with Hitler or a greedy despot who turned a blind eye to a few excesses? A new book has ignited a furious row in a country coming to grips with its colonial legacy. Stephen Bates reports
As Belgium confronts the identity crisis of its disillusioned minorities and homegrown terrorism, its genocidal colonial legacy remains tucked away from the public discourse, confined to art, culture and religion
Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)
Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)