Carmel Budiardjo (born 18 June 1925) is a British human rights activist, founder of the organisation Tapol and a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award.
Born Carmel Brickman, she came from a Jewish family in London, whose anti-fascist beliefs influenced her left-wing politics. She received a bachelor’s degree in Economics in 1946 from the University of London, where she became active in the National Union of Students.While working in Prague for the International Union of Students,
she met Suwondo ‘Bud’ Budiardjo, an Indonesian government official whom she married in 1950. The couple moved to Indonesia in 1951, and she became an Indonesian citizen in 1954. She worked first as a translator for Antara, the Indonesian news agency, then in economic research for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, later studying at the University of Indonesia’s School of Economics and then lecturing at Padjadjaran University in Bandung and Res Publica (now Trisakti) University in Jakarta.
After General Suharto seized power in 1965, her husband was imprisoned, spending 12 years in jail. She herself was arrested, and later imprisoned in 1968 for three years, and was then deported to England on her release in 1971.
Upon returning she founded Tapol to campaign for political prisoners in Indonesia, which took its name from the abbreviation of tahanan politik, or “political prisoner” in Indonesian. The organisation expanded its activities, and was prominent in getting out information on military activity and human rights violations in East Timor, invaded and occupied by Indonesia in 1975, as well as West Papua and Aceh. The Tapol Bulletin was a major source of information about the human rights situation in Indonesia under the New Order. She is also the author of a number of books on human rights and
politics in Indonesia. The organisation remains active, with Budiardjo still playing a very important part in its activities.
In 1995 Budiardjo was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for her work, being nominated by the International Federation for East Timor.
Fifty Years on: A Personal Story Carmel Budiardjo, recipient of the Right
Livelihood Award, 1995
Ibu Carmel Budiardjo ……. menunjukkan komitmen untuk berjuang bersama bangsa Papua agar menemukan jati diri dan kebebasan hakiki yang diberikan oleh Tuhan kepada bangsa Papua.” Dia dinilai “terbukti gigih” dalam memperjuangkan “harkat dan martabat” bangsa Papua sejak 1970an.
Budiardjo dibaptis dengan nama: Papuaumau (bahasa Mee) atau Venia Ati (bahasa Maybrat) atau Bin Syowi (bahasa Biak). Semua kata tersebut berarti “putri sulung” dalam tiga bahasa di Papua. Benny Giay mengatakan “Ibu Carmel” adalah “orang asli Papua” karena perjuangan dan komitmen terhadap hak asasi manusia.
Pada 1999, International Forum for Aceh, yang berpusat di New York, memberi gelar khas perempuan Aceh kepada “Tjut Carmel Budiardjo.”
Menurut M. Nur Djuli dari International Forum for Aceh, “Kami juga memberinya sebuah plaque bertuliskan poem bahasa Aceh, bunyinya: Reudôk di glé ujeuën muprœt-prœt, aneuëk guda rœt ôn naleuëng paya. Meunyo lôn ingat budi gata gœt bak tiep simpang rœt lôn rô ië mata.”
Makna puisi dalam bahasa Aceh tersebut:
Thunder on the mountain, showering rains,
A filly grazing swamp grass,
Whenever I recall your good deeds,
At every street corners
Tears drop from my eyes
Presiden Timor Leste Jose-Ramos Horta memberi Bintang Timor Leste kepada Budiardjo karena “impressive contribution to peace, to the Timorese people and to humanity.”
Dikutip dari artikel Andreas Harsono, Putri Sulung Bangsa Papua (2010)
*berdasarkan buku ‘ Bertahan hidup di GulagIndonesia ‘
[ELIEN UTRECHT, CARMEL BUDIARDJO, RUTH HAVELAAR]
ABSTRACT: This article examines three books from three women writers who were the wives of three political prisoners in Indonesia. They tell us on their life stories in Indonesia where their husbands were incarcerated by the New Order regime (1966- 1998). The regime even held one of the women prisoners as well. This article sees also how they revealed their life experiences, though coming from different periods of time, using the same sarcastic criticism point of view. The aim of this article is to show the differences and similarities of the writers’ views towards the brutality of the military regime during the New Order era. The research uses a discourse analysis by looking at the revealment structures from the three writers through a historical perspective. Another aspect revealed by the three wives of the political prisoners is that the people of Indonesia themselves were forced to accept all kinds of political pressures from the Old Order regime, and even more from the New Order regime who ruled longer. The three books have indirectly presented a historical reϔlection on the gloomy process of a nation’s journey: what was Indonesia during the New Order military regime.
sumber foto http://www.bukusejarah.com/buku.php?itemsid=358
Simak juga video
Tapol-London tentang ‘1965 massacres’
TAPOL’s 40th anniversary
artikel bulletin Tapol terkait 1965 yang lebih dini yang tidak termuat disini
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