Bombing Cambodia – Nixon, Kissinger, and the Khmer Rouge 1-3
Journalist John Pilger explains the how the United States bombing of Cambodia contributed to the rise of the Khmer Rouge.
The US not only helped create conditions that brought Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge to power in 1975, but actively supported the genocidal force, politically and financially. By January 1980, the US was secretly funding Pol Pots exiled forces on the Thai border. The extent of this support-$85 million from 1980 to 1986-was revealed six years later in correspondence between congressional lawyer Jonathan Winer, then counsel to Sen. John Kerry (D-MA) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation. Winer said the information had come from the Congressional Research Service (CRS). When copies of his letter were circulated, the Reagan administration was furious. Then, without adequately explaining why, Winer repudiated the statistics, while not disputing that they had come from the CRS. In a second letter to Noam Chomsky, however, Winer repeated the original charge, which, he confirmed to me, was “absolutely correct.” Washington also backed the Khmer Rouge through the United Nations, which provided Pol Pot’s vehicle of return. Although the Khmer Rouge government ceased to exist in January 1979, when the Vietnamese army drove it out, its representatives continued to occupy Cambodia’s UN seat. Their right to do so was defended and promoted by Washington as an extension of the Cold War, as a mechanism for US revenge on Vietnam, and as part of its new alliance with China (Pol Pot’s principal underwriter and Vietnam’s ancient foe). In 1981, President Carter’s national security adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, said, “I encouraged the Chinese to support Pol Pot.” The US, he added, “winked publicly” as China sent arms to the Khmer Rouge through Thailand.
Cambodia: Return to Year Zero
1993. John Pilger shows how the
UN has allowed the Khmer Rouge to grow stronger.
ini adalah karya jurnalistik pertama John Pigler tentang Kamboja yang fokus merekam jejak kejahatan genosida rezim Pol Pot.
John Pilger 2009
International justice is a farce
while those in the west who sided with Pol Pot’s murders
Cambodia Studies and the Cambodia Industry – Companion to East Timor
Cambodia Studies involves honest, academically sound analyses of Cambodia, most prominently from the beginning of the Indochina Wars to the present. By contrast, the Cambodia Industry involves using selectively-chosen aspects of the tragedy in Cambodia for political purposes. It tends to focus almost exclusively on the 1975-1978 period, when the Khmer Rouge were in power, usually minimising or ignoring the manner in which the US bombing of Cambodia contributed to the creation of the Khmer Rouge, and how the US later supported the Khmer Rouge.
…. the Cambodia Industry minimises or ignores the US’s crucial role, preferring instead to use the Khmer Rouge’s atrocities to try to justify the US’s wars in Indochina in retrospect. But there is an interesting, very educational comparison that can be made: from 1975 to 1979, there was mass murder of comparable proportions in Cambodia and in East Timor. The US, the UK and Australia aided Indonesia’s near-genocidal conduct in East Timor, where up to a third of the population died. This was the worst slaughter relative to population since the Holocaust. It could have been terminated by withdrawing Western support to the Indonesian military. Instead, many self-described ‘public intellectuals’ in Australia and the US said little about it, preferring instead to denounce Pol Pot in Cambodia, where they had no prospect of terminating the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge.
The genocidal rule of the Khmer
Rouge began forty years ago this month. Their rise to power was inseparable
from US intervention.
The Cambodia Precedent:
Justifying New Crimes on the Basis of Past Crimes
By Kieran Kelly
How The USA Brought Pol Pot To Power | Promo | Angkor Awakens – Journey Pictures
Before the Vietnam War was illegally and secretively extended into Cambodia, the country was ruled by a popular liberal monarch, who kept Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge at bay. However as American bombing of the Ho Chi Minh trailer expanded indiscriminately , moreand more Cambodians were driven into the arms of the revolutionaries.
Secret Bombing Of Cambodia The
The still-incomplete database (it has several “dark” periods) reveals that from October 4, 1965, to August 15, 1973, the United States dropped far more ordnance on Cambodia than was previously believed: 2,756,941 tons’ worth, dropped in 230,516 sorties on 113,716 sites. Just over 10 percent of this bombing was indiscriminate, with 3,580 of the sites listed as having “unknown” targets and another 8,238 sites having no target listed at all. Even if the latter may arguably be oversights, the former suggest explicit knowledge of indiscretion. The database also shows that the bombing began four years earlier than is widely believed — not under Nixon, but under Lyndon Johnson. The impact of this bombing, the subject of much debate for the past three decades, is now clearer than ever. Civilian casualties in Cambodia drove an enraged populace into the arms of an insurgency that had enjoyed relatively little support until the bombing began, setting in motion the expansion of the Vietnam War deeper into Cambodia, a coup
d’état in 1970, the rapid rise of the Khmer Rouge, and ultimately the Cambodian genocide. The data demonstrates that the way a country chooses to exit a conflict can have disastrous consequences. It therefore speaks to contemporary warfare as well, including US operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite many differences, a critical similarity links the war in Iraq with the Cambodian conflict: an increasing reliance on air power to battle a heterogeneous, volatile insurgency.
US Bombing of Cambodia during
Vietnam War (time-lapse; rate: 4 weeks / second)
The Illegal Invasion Of Cambodia
Ex-envoy: U.S. Left Cambodia ‘to
simak 700 ‘entry’ lainnya pada link berikut
Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)