Klayaban di Negeri Asing : Kisah Para Eksil 1965 di Uni Soviet (Rusia)

 

 
 

** catatan : profil eksil yang ditampilkan disini mencakup mereka yang menetap di Rusia hingga akhir hayat seperti Utuy T. Sontani, juga eksil yang kemudian hijrah berbagai negara di luar Rusia seperti termasuk yang akhirnya dapat kembali ke Indonesia. Satu diantaranya adalah Mantan Dubes Indonesia di Srilangka yang meminta suaka politik ke pemerintah Rusia (juga kebetulan anaknya sedang tugas belajar disana)


 
 

[KENANGAN] Indonesia di mata Rusia (Uni Sovyet)

Dalam video ini terekam kenangan Prof Ludmila Demidyuk – Universitas Moskow terhadap koleganya Tatang Utuy Sontani 1920-1979; Kenangan Yuri Sholmov Murid Semaun – Konjen pertama Rusia di Indonesia terhadap gurunya Semaun (yang tigapuluh tahun mukim di Rusia) selain tentang Muso, Alimin, Tan Malaka, Darsono (yang dikenalnya saat mereka berkunjung/mukim sementara di Rusia). Yuri juga menceritakan diktat pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia yang disusun oleh Semaun dan Muso; Kenangan Led Dyomin mantan wartawan Pravda yang juga pernah menjadi murid Semaun; Vladilen Vasilievich Sigaev Mantan Juru Bahasa Soekarno mengisahkan kunjungan-kunjungan Sukarno ke Rusia.(dengan koleksi foto-foto eksklusif) dan masih banyak lagi

Kenangan dari Sahabat yang Terlupakan *review film

Studi Indonesia di Rusia: Sebuah Rumah Sejarah yang Alpa Disinggahi – Alex Supartono & Lisabona Rahman

INDONESIAN POLITICAL EXILES IN THE USSR – David T. Hill

Exiled Memories: The Collective memory of Indonesian 1965 exiles A Research Paper presented by: Bambang AlfredSipayung Indonesia

4.3.2. The memory of Soviet Union
There were six respondents with Soviet Union trajectories namely Setiarti, Suratman, Budiarto Djayadi, Ahmadi, Sumarni, Sarman, Karsiman and the biography of Ibarruri Putri Alam. Ibarruri and Budiarto were part of student exchanges between PKI and Soviet Communist Party. All respondents but Karsiman, who moved to Soviet Union from China, were sent to study in Soviet Union and became stateless in this country.

One common memory among those who ever lived in Soviet Union was the impact of Sino – Soviet split in PKI leadership after their statelessness. PKI splitted into two groups namely the pro Tiongkok Jusuf Adjitoropo faction and Thomas Sinuraya faction associated with Soviet Union. This division added the Marhaenist faction like Ahmadi who did not belong to PKI. Karsiman mentioned that each faction tried to get symphaty for the exiles in Soviet Union, and Ibarruri (2006: 123 – 128) considered Thomas Sinuraya faction as a puppet of Soviet Union. Sumarni, Sinuraya‟s wife was silent about this.

 There is a different degree of belonging to Soviet Union within the exiles which related to the length of stay and their active participation in the country. I would take the case of Ahmadi and Sumarni in order to illustrate their personal site of memory and memorialisation of Soviet trajectories. Ahmadi‟s reason to stay was his further continuous study for PhD in International Law. As he graduated from Lomonosov University, Ahmadi worked as a researcher in one of the government research institute until 1990. He married a Russian woman and had a daughter. As he moved to the Netherlands, he left both of them in Moscow. He moved to the Netherlands because of perestroika. He found the rising anti-foreigner climate in which he did not felt secured. He keeps his ties with Soviet Union through marriage and a library with collection of books in Russian language. He said that he followed the latest situation in Soviet Union and also critically compared the old days of communism with the new democratic capitalism situation of Rusia. Sumarni‟s reason for staying in Soviet Union is because her marriage with Thomas Sinuraya, the students leader of PKI who became a rival of PKI in exile orienting itself to Tiongkok. Sumarni still remembers her lives in Soviet Union as a doctor in the hospital and how she could raise her three sons. There is sense of social negotiation with how to live in Soviet Union and to feel belong to it including a social class she enjoyed in Soviet Union. This might explain her reluctance to move to the Netherlands. She only mentioned it as her husband‟s decision and was not at home to stay in the Netherlands. In addition, she felt her husband instrumental role to maintain the friendly bilateral relationship of Indonesia – Russia after 1965. She is very critical to the publication of a book called Sahabat Lama Era Baru (Old Friend in a New Era) that does not mention her husband role. For her it is a real sign of the persisting Indonesian government discourse on anti-communist.

 

Utuy T. Sontani : RaksasaDramaturg Terbesar di Masanya*, Klayaban (Eksil) di Rusia dan Merindu SangatIstri Tercinta l Genosida Politik 1965-1966

 

Kisah Sebuah Koper di Moskow – Alex Supartono

 

Soekirno Martosoekardjo, Setelah 48 Tahun “Terjebak” di Rusia – jpnn.com

 

In Memoriam Ahmad SupardiAdiwijaya – historia.id

Sukarno memberangkatkannya, Soeharto menghalanginya. Kini dia berpulang untuk selamanya.

 

Eksil Sunda Melawat ke Tanah Parahyangan – kompas

**Ahmad Supardi Adiwijaya

 

Dari Rusia Untuk Cinta Paling Agung – Martin Aleida

* M. Djumaini Kartaprawira

 

Waruno Mahdi: Saya Masih Bisa Hidup – MARTIN ALEIDA

 

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TEH SORE “Tragedi 1965
Menyisahkan Banyak Cerita”

Kejadian 1965 menyisahkan banyak cerita yang bungkam seiring berjalanya waktu. Prof.Sudaryanto salah satu eksil Indonesia di Rusia menceritakan sisi lain dari tragedi politik yang dirasakan sebagai mahasiswa Uni Soviet pada tahun 1965.

Kisah WNI di Moskow, BertemuSetelah 55 Tahun Kenal Nama – republika

Prof Dr Intoyo yang tidak pernah pulang ke Tanah Air sejak kepergiannya ke Uni Soviet pada tahun 1956. Waktu itu, Intoyo yang menjadi penasehat Presiden ditugaskan oleh Presiden Soekarno untuk mengajar Bahasa Indonesia di Moscow Institute of International Relations.

EKSKLUSIF: Hendromartono,Setengah Abad Jadi Eksil di Azerbaijan – tempo

Eksil di Azerbaijan,Hendromartono Hanya Bersama 2 Rekannya WNI – teras.id

KISAH WALOEJO SEDJATI – Ari Suwari
Mereka Ingin Pulang ke Indonesia…- Kompas

**Soekarman dan Uzhara Awal, eksil 65 di Rusia (dahulu Uni Sovyet)

Sekelumit Kisah tentangOrang-Orang Terbuang – etnohistoria

Ali Chanafiah, duta besar Indonesia di Sri Lanka yang tak bisa kembali ke Indonesia dan kemudian mencari suaka politik ke pemerintahan Soviet dan kemudian mengambil kewarganegaran Swedia agar bisa mengunjungi Indonesia sebagai turis

In Memoriam Mohamad Ali Chanafiah– Rustika Herlambang

Tertahan pulang karena G30S, Florensia jadi dokter di Perang Vietnam – bbc indonesia  

.video bbc indonesia  

Sungkono: Dari Moskow, menjajaki‘pulang’ lewat Cina, Vietnam dan Thailand sub judul di artikel Kisah para eksil 1965: Mereka yang ‘dibui tanpa jeruji’ – bbc indonesia

Awal Uzhara, Saksi PersahabatanIndonesia-Rusia – tirto.id

Awal Uzhara Menjaga SeniIndonesia di Rusia – Subhan SD

Arif Harsana, 43 Tahun Menunggu Panggilan Mengabdi ke Indonesia

Sarjana Elektro Itu 7 Tahun Kerja di Bengkel Taksi

Kuslan, Kapas Yang Terbawa Angin- M. Aji Surya

Pulang: Kisah Eksil di Uni Soviet – Arief Setiawan

Bagian 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Jangan Tanyakan Nasionalisme Kami- media indonesia

Diaspora Indonesia di Rusia – Indra Kurniawan

Terasing di Moskow: Kisah Orang-Orang Indonesia dan Afganistan yang Terbuang Semasa Perang Dingin –Russia Beyond

Cum Laude di Rusia, Koesalah Malah Dibui Saat Pulang ke Indonesia – tempo

*Koesalah menyelesaikan kuliahnya di Rusia sebelum peristiwa pembasmian komunis tahun 1965-1966 (non-eksil)

LATAR

Indonesia Yang Dibayangkan : Peristiwa 1965-1966 dan Kemunculan Eksil Indonesia – Wahyudi Akmaliah

Gestapu Menghapus Satu GenerasiIntelektual – vice indonesia

PERATURAN PEMERINTAH REPUBLIKINDONESIA NOMOR 15 TAHUN 1954 TENTANG TUNJANGAN IKATAN DINAS BAGI MAHASISWACALON PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL YANG BELAJAR DI DALAM DAN DI LUAR NEGERI

Panas-Dingin Hubungan Indonesia-Rusia – tirto.id

Kemesraan Jakarta-Moskow dalamKunjungan Khrushchev ke Indonesia –tirto.id

Kisah Persahabatan Jakarta danMoskow: 65 Tahun Pasang-Surut Relasi Dua Negara – Russia Beyond

Safari Nikita ke Indonesia –historia.id

Dia merupakan pemimpin negara adikuasa pertama yang menyambangi Indonesia. Disambut dengan penuh kehormatan.

Sukarno: Uzbekistan Jauh di Mata Dekat di Hati – historia.id

Dalam kunjungan perdananya ke Uni Soviet tahun 1956, Sukarno mampir ke Uzbekistan dan amat terkesan.

Masjid Sukarno di Rusia – historia.id

Kunjungan Sukarno ke Leningrad pada 1956 membawa berkah bagi muslim di kota itu.

Dari Druzhba ke MirnoyeSosushyestvovaniye: Diplomasi Uni Soviet-Indonesia dalam Era Stalin danKruschev, 1945-1964 Ahmad Fahrurodji

The dissertation examines the dynamic of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Indonesia in the period of 1945-1964, which, focus of Soviet perspective, covers the last decade of Stalin’s post-world war II period until the end of Khruschev’s leadership in 1964. This research is a historical research using qualitative methodology. Geopolitical and international relations approach is used in this study to examine role of diplomatic tradition in strenghtening Soviet influence in the Third countries during the last decade of Stalin and the whole of Khruschev periods. The conceptual frameworks druzhba (friendship) and mirnoye sosushyestvovaniye (peaceful coexistence), and spaseniye mira (world salvation) are used to get better understanding of the picture of the period. In the Russian perspective, the value of druzhba (friendship) that containes vernost’ (loyalty) and iskrennost (honesty) shape the basis for Russia’s attitudes, which implemented in different ways in different time. The results of this study indicate the influence of ‘druzhba’ and mirnoye sosushyestvovaniye values, rooted in the tradition of Russian thought, in diplomatic relations between both countries.

Book Review

From Russia with Love? Larisa M.Efimova. Stalin i Indonyeziya: Politika SSSR v otnoshenii Indonyezii v1945-1953 godakh: Nyeizvyestniye Stranitsiy (Stalin and Indonesia: SovietPolicy towards Indonesia, 1945-1953: Unknown Pages). Moscow: Moscow StateInstitute of International Relations, 2004. 183 pages. John T. Sidel

Strategic Realignment or Déjà vu?Russia-Indonesia Defence Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century – AlexeyMuraviev and Colin Brown

Jakarta Strong Soviet Influence –Russia Beyond

Being an ardent believer in Socialism, Soekarno was inspired by the Soviet Union. This manifested in a series of large Soviet style monuments and a large sports complex in the city that was used for the 1962 Asian Games. Join RBTH as it uncovers the Russian influence on the Indonesian capital.

Lukisan Indonesia Undang DecakKagum Penikmat Seni Moskow – Russia Beyond

Moscow museum displays restored1950s Indonesian paintings – Russia Beyond

Enam Lagu Lawas Indonesia yangPopuler di Uni Soviet – Russia Beyond

dua video youtube seperti disajikan dalam Russia Beyond

  Песня Острова Пальм (Pesnya Ostrova Palm) oleh Maya Golovnya. Sumber: Bronisliva / YouTube    
Айо Мама (Ayo Mama) oleh Yuri Khazanov. Sumber: Bronisliva / YouTube        
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Sukarno Visit Rusia (1959)

Kunjungan PM US Nikita Kruschev ke Indonesia tahun 1960

simak pustaka eksil selengkapnya

Klayaban di Negeri Asing – Kompilasi Kisah-kisah Para Eksil 1965 

Simak 1200 ‘entry’ lainnya pada link berikut

Daftar Isi Perpustakaan Genosida 1965-1966

Road to Justice : State Crimes after Oct 1st 1965 (Jakartanicus)

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Definisi yang diusulkan D. Nersessian (2010) untuk amandemen/ optional protocol Konvensi Anti-Genosida (1948) dan Statuta Roma (2000) mengenai Pengadilan Kejahatan Internasional. (disalin dari Harry Wibowo)

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